Maria Fritsche

Maria Fritsche er en østerriksk historiker og professor ved NTNU i Trondheim. Hun har en bred forskningsbakgrunn og har de siste årene studert europeisk okkupasjonshistorie.

Fritsche deltar i arbeidspakke B, "Ambisjoner og respons", i forskningsprosjektet "I en verden av total krig: Norge 1939–1945". Artikkelen "Spaces of encounter" argumenterer blant annet for en bredere begrepsbruk i analysene av relasjonene mellom okkupant og okkupert i Norge under andre verdenskrig.

"With Nazi Germany’s aggressive expansion, millions of Europeans were forced under German rule. Although the worlds of the occupier and the occupied overlapped in multiple ways, the everyday interactions between members of opposing sides of the conflict have received little scholarly attention. Using German-occupied Norway as a case study, this article explores the manifold relations between German soldiers and civilians during the Second World War. It argues that the asymmetry of power was not stable but constantly shifting as a result of these encounters. Based on an analysis of German military court records, the article identifies crimes and spaces as nodes where these worlds converged. First, using crimes as a lens, it explores how people on both sides responded to the constraints and opportunities the occupation produced. Secondly, it illustrates how space became the real and symbolic battleground in the struggle for power, and how the spatial norms inscribed in public, private and work spaces shaped these interactions. Since concepts of ‘resistance’ and ‘collaboration’ are inadequate to make sense of the complex reality of occupation, the article proposes the categories of conflict, cooperation and solidarity to analyse the diverse social relations between the occupier and the occupied."

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